Frangipani, red paucipan, red-jasmine

Plumeria rubra

Photo: Frangipani, red paucipan, red-jasmine

Photo: Frangipani, red paucipan, red-jasmine

General description

Plumeria rubra is a deciduous plant species belonging to the genus Plumeria.Originally native to Mexico, Central America, Colombia and Venezuela, it has been widely cultivated in subtropical and tropical climates worldwide and is a popular garden and park plant, as well as being used in temples and cemeteries. It grows as a spreading tree to 7–8 m (20–25 ft) high and wide, and is flushed with fragrant flowers of shades of pink, white and yellow over the summer and autumn. Its common names include frangipani, red paucipan, red-jasmine, red frangipani, common frangipani, temple tree, or simply plumeria.

Grows as a spreading shrub or small tree to a height of 2–8 m (20–25 ft) and similar width. It has a thick succulent trunk and sausage-like blunt branches covered with a thin grey bark. The branches are somewhat brittle and when broken, ooze a white latex that can be irritating to the skin and mucous membranes. The large green leaves can reach 30 to 50 cm (12–20 in) long and are arranged alternately and clustered at the end of the branches. They are deciduous, falling in the cooler months of the year. The flowers are terminal, appearing at the ends of branches over the summer. Often profuse and very prominent, they are strongly fragrant, and have five petals. The colours range from the common pink to white with shades of yellow in the centre of the flower. Initially tubular before opening out, the flowers are 5-7.5 cm (2–3 in) in diameter, and only rarely go on to produce seed - 20-60 winged seeds are contained in a 17.5 cm (7 in) pod.

Plant requirements

This plant has no description yet.


This plant has no description yet.

Practical use

Flowers is used to necklaces as offerings to deities or as decoration for coffins. The leaves  are used in the care of sores and made into soothing infusions.


500 - 800 cm
Soil type
Full sun
Needs protection