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Lungwort

Pulmonaria officinalis  • 

Photo: Lungwort

Photo: Lungwort
Photo: Lungwort
Photo: Lungwort

General description

Pulmonaria can be herbaceous or semi-evergreen rhizomatous perennials with terminal clusters of funnel-shaped flowers in late winter or early spring, and often strikingly patterned leaves developing in summer

P. officinalis is a semi-evergreen perennial to 30cm tall, with broad leaves spotted freely with greenish-white, and clusters of flowers opening pink and soon changing to blue, in spring.

Ultimate height

0.1-0.5 metres

Ultimate spread

0.1-0.5 metres

Time to ultimate height

2-5 years

 

Plant requirements

Sunlight

Part shade
Full shade

Aspect

North-facing, West-facing or East-facing

Sheltered

Cultivation

Grow in humus-rich, fertile, moist but not waterlogged soil in full or partial shade

Soil

Moist but well-drained

Acid, Alkaline or Neutral

Clay, Chalk or Loam

 

Maintenance

How to care

Pruning

Remove old leaves after flowering

Pests

Generally pest free

Diseases

May be subject to powdery mildews in dry conditions

Propagation

Propagate by division after flowering or in autumn

 

Practical use

Banks and Slopes, City/Courtyard Gardens, Coastal, Cottage/Informal Garden, Flower borders and beds, Ground Cover or Wildlife Gardens, Good for the bees.

Properties

Height
10 - 50 cm
Color
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Soil type
Any
Clay
Sunlight
Partial shade
Full shade
PH
Acid
Alkaline
Neutral
Moisture
Well-drained
Moist but well-drained
Hardiness
Hardy