july to do
Trees and Shrubs Prune dead and damaged branches. Remove suckers by yanking downward. Stop pruning flowering shrubs until spring. Nonblooming hedges can be trimmed as needed. Deadhead roses for continued blooming. Apply chelated iron to deficient plants. Stop fertilizing trees and shrubs. Continue planting trees and shrubs, but water well. Apply extra mulch to hold in moisture Avoid disturbing the roots of shallow plants. Take softwood cuttings of shrubs. Water trees infrequently, but deeply. Perennials and Bulbs Shear chrysanthemums and asters until mid month. Lightly trim bushy or leggy perennials. Stop deadheading perennials if you want seeds. Make one more planting of gladiolus. Support vines and tall plants with trellises. Cut flowers in the early morning. Order spring-blooming bulbs now. Divide and transplant Oriental poppies. Annuals and Containers Water containers daily. Add a balanced fertilizer every few weeks. Deadhead faded blossoms for more blooms. Pinch back leggy stems to encourage branching. Start seeds for pansies and other winter annuals. Lawns Continue mowing at the highest setting for your lawn type (3”- 4” for cool-season grasses, 2” -3” for warm-season grasses). Give your lawn one inch of water per week. Consider allowing fescue or bluegrass lawn to go dormant for the summer. Mulch your grass clippings. Edge planting beds with a string trimmer or edger. Plant warm-season grasses and keep watered. Stop fertilizing lawns in midsummer. Make sure mower blades are sharp. Vegetables and Herbs Remove garlic scapes (flower heads). Order garlic bulbs for fall planting. Feed vegetables with compost or organic fertilizer. Harvest veggies and give away any produce you can’t use. Remove plants that have finished producing. Continue weeding, watering, and removing insects. Start seeds for cool-season fall vegetables. Give herbs a haircut, and use the cuttings. Harvest herbs just as the flower buds appear. Mulch sprawling and vining vegetables. Harvest berries before birds and squirrels get them. Remove and discard fallen fruits and vegetables. Harvest corn when the tassels turn brown and the kernels are full and milky. Harvest melons when they slip easily from the vine. Give your tomatoes TLC in temps over 90° F. Houseplants Put houseplants outdoors in the shade. Water houseplants regularly. Feed houseplants every couple of weeks. Repot pot-bound houseplants. Cleanup and Maintenance Attack poison ivy the moment you spot it! Work outdoors in the cool of the morning. Add extra mulch to keep plant roots cool. Pull blooming weeds first. Start a compost pile, or turn your existing one. Clean the filter in your water features. Refresh the water in fountains and bird baths. Keep hummingbird feeders cleaned and refilled. Reduce fertilizing in general. Water plants deeply at the root zone. Remove Japanese beetles and other pests. Begin ordering bulbs and seeds for fall planting. Provide a pan of water for birds and butterflies. Take cuttings for rooting or drying indoors.