Garden tasks for January
What to do in the garden in January... We give you a few tips!
Aerate the lawn
- You can aerate the soil in places were there is often excess water (prick holes with a special aerator or garden fork).
- Only do this if there is no frost and the ground is not frozen.
- Avoid walking on a frozen lawn as much as possible. This avoids causing poor spots on the lawn. Regularly scatter sharp sand on such spots to make the ground less muddy.
A thick layer of snow offers excellent protection to your plants. Snow is highly insulating. However a layer of snow can press heavily on conifers with upward branches, which can cause the branches to bend and even snap off. Remove the snow in order to make sure that the tree isn’t permanently deformed.
The pond needs to breathe
An ice preventer helps ensure that your pond does not freeze over entirely. Harmful gasses can escape from the water and oxygen can get in. This keeps the pond healthy even if the water is covered in ice.
Build a pond
If you build a pond now - during frost-free weather - you can enjoy it from April. Use a good quality pond liner (rubber sheeting is very flexible even at low temperatures).
Check tree straps
A tree strap may be too tight and can grow into the bark. Loosen the strap. Straps which are too loose and are rubbing on a tree’s bark should be tightened a little.
Check container plants
- Check for infestations such as aphids and fungus.
- Clean up dropped leaves and dead twigs, since they can be a source of infection.
- Ensure that the air of the storage place where the pots are being overwintered is freshened regularly.
- Do not allow the rootballs to dry out completely.
Prune now - Currant bushes
Redcurrants, whitecurrants, blackcurrants and gooseberries can be pruned now.
Many ornamental trees can also be reshaped now, (but do not remove any large branches on birch, maple or walnut. Their sap will start rising soon, and after heavy pruning they may continue to bleed, preventing the wounds from healing). Hold off from drastic pruning until the autumn.
Grapes and kiwi fruit should be pruned before the end of January in order to avoid heavy bleeding.
Preferably wait until February before pruning fruit trees. Otherwise there is a risk of pests and diseases.
Wait until May before pruning trees with stoned fruits such as cherries, plums, nectarines, peaches and apricots.
Remove running shoots
Remove running shoots from around the trunks of some fruit trees. Find the point of attachment in the soil and twist off the shoots. Do not cut them: this will just result in more shoots.
Tidy up fruit trees
Remove dried-up fruit that are still hanging in fruit trees: they are real sources of infection. They can contain fungus spores which can give problems later.
Plant now - Plant trees
Bare-rooted trees and hedge plants are ideal for planting now. Plant them as soon as possible, unless it is freezing. If you don’t have the time do so straightaway, entrench them temporarily: dig a trench, place the plants in it or lay them in at a slant, and cover the roots with soil.